UK explores construction site to capture solar power in space: Understand how it works
Instead of installing solar panels in green spaces or attached to the roofs of houses, the government UK A little more purpose. The British are considering a plan to build a station worth 16 16 billion Solar energy AT Space out. The technology is featured in the Net Zero Innovation Portfolio document, which is a report prepared by the nation’s Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy recommending sustainable systems and technology initiatives.
Solution, step Neurology Website Report, Can help the UK meet its Sustainable Development Goals by 2050. But how does such a powerhouse work? This system consists of collecting solar energy in space and transferring it to Earth. Although the idea is not new, recent advances in technology have made this opportunity very viable.
To do this, you have to build a solar-powered satellite: a large spacecraft equipped with solar panels. The panels generate electricity, which is then transmitted wirelessly to earth through high frequency radio waves. Then, a terrestrial antenna is used to convert the radio waves into electricity, which is transmitted to the power grid.
Shines for 24 hours
The advantage is that the space solar power station is illuminated by the sun 24 hours a day, so it can generate electricity continuously. But there are some challenges. A station of this size also relies on a modular, i.e. multi-piece, design, i.e. several orbiting robots to connect these solar modules. Transporting all of these components into space is difficult and expensive.
Additionally, assembling a space solar power plant would require multiple spacecraft launches. Although space solar power has been designed to reduce carbon emissions for a long time, the report indicates that significant emissions are associated with space launch. Article by Joanna RadulovichDirector of the School of Mechanical Engineering and Design at the University of Portsmouth.
“Spacecraft are not currently reusable, but companies such as Space X are trying to replace them. Being able to reuse launch systems will significantly reduce the overall cost of space solar power,” he writes.
The move will also face practical challenges. Solar panels can be damaged by space debris and are not protected by Earth’s atmosphere. As they are exposed to more intense solar radiation, they decay faster than Earth, reducing the energy they can generate.
The performance of wireless power transmission is another matter. Transmitting power over long distances – in this case, the ground from a solar satellite into space – is difficult. According to current technology, only a small fraction of the collected solar energy reaches the Earth.
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